¿Qué funciona mejor: cápsulas de lavado, detergentes en polvo o líquidos?

2021-11-09
A nadie le gusta lavar la ropa. Entonces, ¿por qué no hacerlo lo más fácil posible? byakkaya / Getty Images

Lavar la ropa es una de las tareas inevitables de la vida y una fuente persistente de frustración entre compañeros de habitación, amigos y familiares.

Aunque solo hemos tenido acceso a una lavadora automática desde la década de 1850 , los humanos han estado lavando nuestra ropa desde la antigüedad , golpeándola contra las rocas y restregándola con arena.

Hoy las cosas son mucho más fáciles. Dejamos caer nuestra ropa en la lavadora y nos vamos. Y las innovaciones siguen llegando. Caso en cuestión: cápsulas de lavandería . Como si agregar detergente a la lavadora no fuera lo suficientemente simple, las cápsulas de lavado significan que ya ni siquiera tienes que hacer eso. Solo tíralos y listo.

Pero, ¿las cápsulas de lavado son tan buenas como convenientes? Y lo que es más importante, ¿funcionan mejor que el detergente líquido o en polvo promedio?

Una pequeña lista de lavandería

Laundry tablets were first introduced in the 1960s when Procter & Gamble released Salvo. The tablets didn't dissolve well and were off shelves by 1970. A decade later, P&G tried again with Cheer Power pouches. Consumers were not impressed by these either. It wasn't until 2012 that laundry pods found their place in the greater laundry-doing world. That's when P&G finally had success with Tide PODS and many others have followed in their pod footsteps since. Now the market is flooded with all brands of laundry pods.

Procter & Gamble released its first detergent tablets, Salvo, in the 1960s. They didn't dissolve well so they came off the shelves soon after.

The Pros of Laundry Pods

Much like dishwasher pods , laundry pods contain liquid (and sometimes powder) cleaning ingredients inside a dissolvable film that's made to be added directly into the washer drum. When the pod hits the water, the film dissolves, releasing the cleaning ingredients into the wild world of soiled garments.

Aside from this obvious convenience factor, many people consider laundry pods superior to liquid detergents because they come premeasured. Jennifer Ahoni, principal scientist at Tide, takes that one step further and says pods not only perform better because they are measured correctly, but also because they have more concentrated cleaning ingredients.

"Tide PODS actually contain three inner chambers, so the active ingredients are separated before use, and then released into the wash at just the right time," she says. It's hard to do that unless you're standing there watching your clothes wash.

Some pods, like Tide 3-in-1, include multiple technologies in one pod that eliminates the need to buy several different products (theoretically). So for instance, you might not have to purchase detergent, fabric softener and odor eliminators because one laundry pod can do the work of all three.

This also means laundry pods can save space. If you live in a tiny New York City apartment and don't have much room for storage, one box of the right laundry pods could replace fabric softener, a box of detergent and other stain boosters. And if you have to trek to the laundromat to do your wash, taking a few pods instead of a heavy box or bottle of detergent is much easier when you're already lugging pounds of dirty clothes.

Tide PODS were the first laundry pods to become commercially successful. They hit the market in 2012.

Pods Aren't Perfect

Of course, laundry pods aren't superior to regular detergents in every way by far. They are much more expensive than both liquid and powder detergents. Some can cost as much as 50 percent more. Powders are the most inexpensive of the options, followed by liquids, then pods.

And while there is a definite convenience factor in their preportioned packets, that convenience also limits you. With liquids and powder detergents, you have much more control. If you want to run a very small load, for instance, you can choose a small amount of detergent with powders and liquids.

With pods, if you have an extra-large load of laundry, you might need to use two — and that can get expensive if you do a lot of large loads. On the flip side, if you have a small load of delicates, you're limited to the amount of detergent already in the pod, which is likely too much. That can sometimes lead to buildup of chemicals on your clothes.

You also can't pretreat stains with pods like you can with liquid detergents. Because they're meant to simply be tossed into the machine that means you'll need to buy something extra for pretreating stains. And if you do any handwashing of delicates, you'll need something for that, too.

Even Tide's Ahoni agrees pods are great, but they can't do everything. "I do use liquid detergent in some cases," Ahoni says. "It's a great option when I have stains, or I want to pretreat prior to washing. I also use liquid detergent for items that I hand wash."

One last thing about pods that is of concern: In 2012, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a warning after about 500 kids were poisoned from eating laundry pods. (More were sickened when they ate the things to impress their friends on TikTok for the "Tide pod challenge.") Just keep the things out of reach of kids if you end up buying them.

While there are a lot of things to like about pods, each type of detergent has its own pros and cons. So there really is no option better than another. It's really about which one is best for you.

Now That's Interesting

In ancient Rome they used human urine to clean their dirty laundry — and it actually worked.

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